Offsets can undercut emission reduction efforts and environmental equity goals During the first compliance period — , offset credits represented more than 4. Supporting information.
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S1 Data. Emission data used in this analysis. S2 Data. Oil and gas facility locations. S1 Fig.
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Construction of the dataset. S2 Fig. S1 Table. S2 Table. Characteristics of block groups that experienced an increase in annual average aggregate emissions from regulated facilities within 1 mile after — as compared to before — implementation of carbon trading. S3 Table. S4 Table. References 1. Energy and human health. Annu Rev Public Health. Smith KR, Haigler E. Co-benefits of climate mitigation and health protection in energy systems: scoping methods.
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California climate investments to benefit disadvantaged communities. Understanding the cumulative impacts of inequalities in environmental health: implications for policy. Health Aff Millwood. An evidence-based medicine methodology to bridge the gap between clinical and environmental health sciences. Cumulative effects of prenatal-exposure to exogenous chemicals and psychosocial stress on fetal growth: systematic-review of the human and animal evidence. California Air Resources Board.
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Environ Resour Econ. Busch C. Oversupply grows in the western climate initiative carbon market. San Francisco: Energy Innovation; [cited Jun 13].