If your mother-in-law asks if the two of you are considered consanguineal kin, you would reply, a. Your grandparents, and two of your cousins. Your mother and father, plus your sister, her husband, and their three children. Crafts sewn by the bride. See page In Mumbai, what form of marriage is now more likely to take place? Forced marriage, with the children of the union having no say in the matter. Romantic elopements, where families are not consulted and the new couple consummate their union before objections can be made.
Child marriage, where young girls are typically betrothed to older men. A hybrid between arranged and romantic, incorporating aspects of each.
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This kind of geneaology is a. See pages and Glossary. The relationship between gender and sexual orientation is a. Answer: c Feedback: Both gender and sexual identities and expressions may be formed through interactions with others in society, yet they are also influenced—not solely caused by—biological factors. Serial monogamy seems to be the norm in my family. This means that people partner with others, one at a time, but do not tend to stay married very long. This could be because they fall in romantic love without realizing that their personalities for long-term cohabitation are at odds with one another.
They all have kids, so the families grow exponentially each time they marry someone else. It is nice for the kids to have so many playmates that are half-siblings, but the legal proceedings get complicated. Instead, it would be interesting if a form of arranged group marriage, or polygamy, was the norm for us. That way, instead of people having to always split up their belongings and figure out arrangements for the kids, we could all be a large family.
And since it would be arranged by those who care about our well-being, it would likely be with people with whom we share core values. See pages of your text. See page of your text. Exogamy is the practice in which marriage partners must come from different groups. Socially, this practice links families from different communities together, creating alliances.
Bio-culturally, it acts to broaden the gene pool of any intermarrying group. This limits the possibility for inbreeding and leads to more genetic diversity.
However, this practice means that inheritances, power, land holdings, community resources, and much more are spread thinner than if marriage partners come from the same group. It also means that those being married may come from very different backgrounds with different expectations regarding their roles and beliefs.
When societies require that marriage partners come from the same group in society, this is called endogamy. Endogamous marriage can be seen in societies with strong ethnic, religious, or socio-economic class divisions in which individuals tend to marry within their groups.
This practice supports the survival of the group into the future, since the people being married have similar identities, core values, ideologies, etc. This could be especially important for a marginalized group or one whose existence is threatened in some way. Historically, sisters and brothers have married to preserve the royal bloodlines of ruling families.
Sibling marriages keep the ruling power within the family. Brothers and sisters would marry so that their pure-blooded heirs would retain divine authority. However, close endogamy reduces genetic diversity. This increases the risk of the expression of harmful recessive genes. This can lead to devastating effects for the group if diseases are severe.
How are comfort foods similar to marriage or incest taboos? Comfort food varies from person to person as well as from culture to culture. Marriage is practiced in some form all around the world, solving the basic problem of human relationships and procreation. Incest taboos also vary, but immediate family taboos are held by societies throughout the world even in places where it is the norm for royalty to marry each other.
See pages , and of your text. Currently, I call six people my immediate family: my mother and father, my grandmother, my two siblings, and my aunt. We all live together in an extended family setting, all of us consanguineal.
Through the Lens of Anthropology
However, two options will likely change this in the future. First, my mom, dad, siblings, and I are hoping to live in our own home soon, which would make us neolocal. See pages and of your text. This could happen when the woman lives in a neolocal residence with her husband, so the money is used for their own future, or it could be in a patrilocal residence where her dowry ensures that she has upward mobility in her marriage.
Meeting online, meeting through work. Courtship, dating norms dinner, movies, walks on beaches? Engagement period prior to marriage. Arranged marriages: Parents setting up potential matches or other close relatives. Potential partners coming from known backgrounds with similar ideologies.
Retain the right to veto a choice. Biological sex: a binary, though intersex complicates the distinctions. Gender identity: whether you identify as male, female, or with a third gender. This is unrelated to biological sex, in that it is not a causal relationship. Most humans who identify as men are born with male genitalia thus, biologically male , but this does not mean that all biological males will consider themselves men.
Participation, representation, and shared experiences of women scholars in biological anthropology
Sexual orientation: this is far beyond a binary of homosexual and heterosexual, and includes bisexuality, pansexuality, polysexuality, and asexuality. Furthermore, androphilia and gynophilia are relevant terms.
Local governments, often municipalities, may operate non-profit day care centers. In non-profits, the title of the most senior supervisor is typically "executive director", following the convention of most non-profit organizations. Family child care homes can be operated by a single individual out of their home. In most states, the legal age of 18 is only required. There may be occasions when more than one individual cares for children in a family childcare home.
This can be a stay-at-home parent who seeks supplemental income while caring for their own child. There are also many family childcare providers who have chosen this field as a profession. Both state and county agency legislation regulate the ratios number and ages of children allowed per family child care home. Some counties have more stringent quality standards that require licensing for family child care homes while other counties require little or no regulations for childcare in individuals' homes. Some family child care homes operate illegally with respect to tax legislation where the care provider does not report fees as income and the parent does not receive a receipt to qualify for childcare tax deductions.
However, licensing a family child care home is beneficial for family child care home providers so that they can have access to financial benefits from their state government, or the federal government where they are allowed to accept children from parents who meet the criterion to benefit from the government childcare subsidy funding. Examples of such benefits are: free Professional Development and training courses, Child Care Food Program which allows eligible childcare and family childcare home providers to claim a portion of costs relating to nutritious meals served to children , and more;.
Family childcare may be less expensive than center-based care because of the lower overhead lower ratios mean less staff are required to maintain regulated ratios. Many family childcare home providers may be certified with the same credentials as center based staff potentially leading to higher level of care.